Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) uses behavioral principles and applies them to everyday situations with the goal of increasing or decreasing specific behaviors. It’s a scientifically validated approach to understanding behavior and how the environment influences behavior. Positive Reinforcement is one of those principles, and explains that whenever a behavior is followed by a reward, the behavior is more likely to be repeated. Children receiving ABA services receive lots of positive reinforcement for demonstrating useful skills and socially appropriate behaviors related to their goals. Applied Behavioral Analysis emphasizes positive interactions and enjoyable learning while promoting a child’s cognitive skills through positive reinforcement, motivation, repetition, and visual aids.
All ABA programs have similar components:
- Discrete trial teaching: breaking down a task into smaller parts, and teaching each part one step at a time.
- Generalization: working to generalize desired learned behaviors across any environment, until they occur independently and spontaneously.
- Reinforcement: reinforcers are used based on items and activities that are motivating to the child.
- Prompting and fading strategies: prompting can include verbal, physical, positional, gestural, and model prompting.
- Outcome-based decision-making: ABA therapy relies on objective information to make decisions about a child’s behavioral plan. A child’s intervention is continuously monitored for effectiveness based on data collected.
ABA therapy can improve communication, social relationships, play, self care, and school performance. Parents, family, and caregivers receive training so they can support their child’s learning and skill building throughout the day. Our office provides ABA services for children from birth to age 10 who may have eating, speaking, emotional, and/or behavioral difficulties. In-home and office treatment are available, once or multiple times a week.